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Demokratisk symmetri               English version  
  Tre system                  
  Ett valg Flertallsvalg. Kandidaten med flest stemmer vinner          
  To valgomganger Hvis ingen kandidater får 50 %, gjennomføres en annen valgomgang mellom de to første kandidatene fra omgang en.  
  Symmetrisk demokrati Borda count - Alle stemmer på alle kandidatene med forskjellige poeng. La oss si at det er X kandidater. Hver stemmeberettiget   
    gir den første kandidaten X poeng, den neste X-1 poeng etc. Kandidaten med flest poeng vinner.     
  Eksempel - Resulta fra valget holdt i Taiwan (Republic of China) 2000-03          
      Hvilken kandidat foretrekker du som 2.valg          
  Kandidat Ett valg Koumingtang Uavhengig DPP To første To valg Symmetrisk demokrati  
  Koumingtang 23,10 % - 70 % 30 % 0   2,037 Koumingtang  
  Uavhengig 36,83 % 80 % - 20 % 1 53,00 % 2,019 Uavhengig  
  DPP 40,07 % 70 % 30 % - 1 47,00 % 1,944 DPP  
  [1]  Reelle valgtall: DPP har litt for høyt tall, disse inneholder  alle stemmene som ikke gikk til de to andre hovedutfordrerene    
  [2] Tallene som sier noe om foretrukket 2.kandidat er hypotetiske            
  DPP vinner ved ett valg              
  Uavhengig vinner ved to valg              
  Koumingtang vinner ved symmetrisk demokrati            
  * I.e. så kan alle tre kandidatene vinne, avhengig av type system som brukes (foutsetning at de hypotetiske tallene er nogenlunde riktige)  
  * Symmetrical democracy (also known as Borda count) include all preferences, including second, third, etc, wishes     
  * Symmetrisk demokrati (kjent som Borda count) inkluderer alle preferansene, inkludert annet-, tredje-, fjerde-, etc. valghet.    
  * Symmetrisk demokrati kan betraktes som det mest korrekte siden dette systemet tar hensyn til alle preferanser.    
  * Excelark med kalkulasjoner samt et annet eksempel symmetrical_democracy.xls          
  * FraThe Economist 2000-03-02-artikkelen «The mathematics of voting - Democratic symmetry »        
  " ...The fairest voting system, says Dr Saari, would respect both symmetries. The only system that fits the bill is     
  the Borda count, proposed by Jean-Charles de Borda in 1770 to elect members to the Academy of Sciences in Paris.     
  In an election with X candidates, each voter awards X points to his first choice, X-1 to his second choice, and so on.     
  The results are added up and the candidate with the most points wins.... ".           
  The full text is available here (login)    http://www.economist.com/displaystory.cfm?story_id=288778        
  * Borda count http://no.wikipedia.org/wiki/Borda_count            
  Kilde for tall                  
  Published: March 18, 2000                 
             Source: Taiwan Headlines                 
             Opposition candidate Chen Shui-bian and his running mate Annette Lu emerged this evening as      
             the winners of the 2000 ROC presidential election.             
             At 7:20 p.m. March 18, ROC Central Election Commission chairman Huang Shih-cheng        
             announced the preliminary results of ballot counting for the election of the tenth president and vice      
             president of the Republic of China, indicating that Chen and Lu, of the Democratic Progressive        
             Party (DPP), had gathered 4,977,737 votes.               
             Independent James Soong and running mate Chang Chau-hsiung placed a close second with        
             4,664,922 votes, while Lien Chan and Vincent Siew, candidates for the current ruling party        
             Kuomintang (KMT), lagged behind in third place with 2,925,513 votes.           
             Independents Hsu Hsin-liang and Chu Hui-liang garnered 79,429 votes, while New Party        
             candidates Li Ao and Fung Hu-hsiang gained 16,782.             
             Huang Shih-cheng noted that a total of 12,786,671 voters cast ballots in this year's presidential      
             election. Of these, 12,665,393 ballots were valid. The voter turn-out rate was 82.69%,        
             approximately six percentage points higher than the presidential election four years ago.         
             Chen Shui-bian, 49, will be the youngest president of the Republic of China, and as vice president      
             Annette Lu will be the highest-ranking woman in ROC political history.           
             At his national campaign headquarters, Chen expressed gratitude for his victory, and announced      
             his intention to create a "multi-partisan working group," including representatives from the        
             Kuomintang, the New Party and independents, to work together for a democratic Taiwanese        
             Chen also quickly weighed in on the question of cross-strait relations, saying he was willing to        
             handle the issue with the highest measure of good will, and that in the future he hoped to open up      
             communication, trade and transport ties with mainland China, and to build a bilateral mechanism      
             of mutual trust in military affairs.                 
             Chen also reiterated his willingness to travel with his running mate Annette Lu to mainland China      
             for a visit of "reconciliation and communication." At the same time, he invited PRC president Jiang      
             Zemin, premier Zhu Rongji and Wang Daohan, director of the PRC's Association for Relations        
             Across the Taiwan Straits, to visit Taiwan.               
             Chen affirmed that, based on the precedents set by other democratic national governments during      
             transitions of power, he hopes to build a channel of communication with current president Lee        
             Teng-hui in the interim period before he takes office, and after assuming the presidency, he hopes      
             to rely upon President Lee's experience in cross-strait relations and Taiwan's system of military      
             According to convention, Lee Teng-hui usually appears in the capacity of KMT chairman at his        
             party's central headquarters to view the vote count during a major election, but the president was      
             absent on this occasion.                 
             In a press conference at his presidential campaign headquarters, Lien Chan admitted his defeat in      
             the election, and in a very dignified manner announced that he had already offered his        
             congratulations to Chen Shui-bian. Lien added he eagerly anticipates that Chen will appropriately      
             manage the nation's affairs, and lead the country into a new era.           
             James Soong came in second place with around 4.6 million votes, but was still more than 1.5        
             million votes ahead of the KMT's Lien Chan. The Soong camp is thus already poised to become a      
             major opposition force.                 
             With this in mind, some of Soong's campaign advisors stated after the election results came in      
             that they should take this opportunity to form a party as a means to solidify their power. They        
             suggested further that the Soong camp should now set its sights on gaining seats in the National      
             The Soong camp always maintained that if elected Soong would not oppose the KMT, nor would      
             he seek to form a separate party. This, the Soong campaign argued, was in keeping with the        
             "cross-party" spirit that they were championing. However, when it became clear by what a slim      
             margin Soong had lost, his supporters expressed regret at this strategy.           
             Following the orderly completion of the election at 4:00 p.m., Chief of the General Staff General      
             Tang Yiao-ming, issued a statement concerning the stance and mission of the national armed        
             forces, according to an announcement from the ROC Ministry of National Defense's Military        
             Spokesman Office and Liaison Office.               
             General Tang stated that as the military corps of the nation, the armed forces of the Republic of      
             China will fully act "with the constitution as its foundation and the will of the people as its guide."      
             The armed forces will obey the chief of state and carry out their mission according to the        
             General Tang also represented the entire armed forces in expressing their resolute assurance to      
             the new commander-in-chief of the three branches of the armed forces that they will fully devote      
             their will and loyalty, and make a sacrificial contribution, in order to safeguard the national security      
             of the Republic of China.                 
             Since Chen Shui-bian's victory has the potential to increase tensions across the Strait, figures in      
             the financial community are bracing for another expected blast to the economy. Some expect that      
             the increased tensions will lead first to a reduction in cross-Strait trade.           
             In addition, efforts to open up direct communication, trade and transportation links with the        
             mainland, as well as planned adjustments to the current administration's "no haste, be patient"      
             economic policy toward the PRC, are both expected to encounter delays due to tensions caused      
             by Chen's victory.                   
             Analysts also expect the stock market to take another blow following the DPP victory.        
             Nonetheless, stock analysts argue that Taiwan's economic fundamentals are solid. Therefore, it is      
             unlikely that Taiwan's benchmark index, the TAIEX, will fall below 8,000 points.         
             Meanwhile, members of the securities industry predict a similar scenario. They do expect the        
             market to encounter some jitters in the short run. However, they believe that in the longer term        
             Taiwan's fundamentals will still reflect positively on the market.           
             As for how the PRC's reaction will affect markets, one analyst argued that the mainland should      
             observe the new president's policies and statements before determining any actions.         

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